Course description for courses offered in English for the Spring and Autumn terms of the 2016-17 Academic Year

Course Title: Environment Economics

Lecturer: Prof. Toyoaki WASHIDA

Course Description: Human economic activities are, in many cases, major causes of local and global environmental disruption or degradation. In order to realize environmentally sustainable society, it is essential to harmonize our market economies and the environment. Environmental economics explains reasons of environmental issues and proposes economic policies to internalize the environmental costs into market. For examples, environmental taxes and tradable permits are typical methods for them. Those economic methods have higher efficiency than the other regulation method. In this lecture, students will be expected to have those knowledge and to understand the roles of those policies.

Course: Green Marketing

Lecturer: Associate Prof. Bjoern FRANK

Course Description: Green marketing deals with how firms design and sell environmentally friendly products and with how consumers become motivated to purchase such products. This course covers both general knowledge of marketing and specific knowledge of green marketing. It deals with green marketing strategy, green marketing mix, customer relationship management, green product design, and green marketing research.

Course Title: Environmental Administration

Lecturer: Associate Prof. Yuta OKAZAKI

Course Description: Environmental administration is facing various issues and needs to plan and implement spesific policies through analyzing effective policy options and buildling consensus among stakeholders (e.g. other departments of the government, business, citizen, etc.). Throughout this course, we will examines past experiences and current issues and discuss better working of environmental administration.

Course Title: Introduction to Environmental Accounting

Lecturer: Hideki MURAI (Part-time lecturer)

Course Description: Environmental accounting aims at achieving sustainable development,maintaining a favorable relationship with the community, and pursuing effective and efficient environmental conservation activities. Disclosure of environmental accounting information is a key process in performing accountability. Consequently, environmental accounting helps companies and other organizations boost their public trust and confidence and are associated with receiving a fair assessment.

Course Title: Japanese Experiences in Environmental Management

Lecturer: Team of part-time lecturers

Course Description: Measures and Policy for Water Environment Conservation, Lake Entrophication and Its Countermeasures, Soil and Groundwater Pollution, and Radioactive Contamination due to Nuclear Power Plant Accident will be covered. (By Dr. OTSUBO K.)
The present states of the anti-pollution management system in Japan, the pollution-related problems experienced, the formation of anti-pollution management system, and the relationships between the system formation and stakeholders will be lectured. (By Dr. Arai S.)
In the lectures on Waste Management and 3R Policies in Japan: Implications for Developing Countries, Japan’s recent experience in developing policy framework of waste management and the 3Rs based on the concept of sound material cycle society will be introduced. Then, it overviews challenges for improving waste management and recycling faced by developing countries. Finally, the class will conduct a dialogue-based exercise based on the lessons learned from Japan’s experience in waste management and recycling. (By Dr. Hotta Y.)
The sessions of Citizen’s Participation and Environmental Education focus on “citizen’s participation and environmental education”, in case of Japanese experiences. By reviewing historical activities of Environmental Education, degree of, and the implication of Citizen’s participation into communities will be discussed. (By Dr. Sato M.)
History and perspectives of, and lessons from environmantal policies in Japan will be lectured. (By Prof. Ikkatai S.)

Course Title: Japanese Environmental Law

Lecturer: Prof. Akemi ORI

Course Description: Considering what is the significance and issues of Japanese environmental law, through comparative analysis of foreign environmental law structure and its influence to Japanese environmental law.

Course Title: Environment and Development in Developing Countries

Lecturer: Prof. John Joseph PUTHENKALAM

Course Description: Around 150 nations of the world are considered as developing economies. This course focuses on the various issues related with these countries, where the sustainability of the environment is challenged as economic development is pursued. Can we find a harmonization model of environment and development to overcome the existing problematic models of economic development? The concept of sustainable and human development is an intelligent response towards questions of our contemporary beings. Human well-being and sustainability should therefore be integrated in all areas of our studies. Consequently, let us try to design new harmonization models of development and environment where present generations can enjoy a decent standard of living while making sure that future generations also have a safe planet Earth to make their dwelling. This course would enable student to understand the problems as well as paths of solutions like UNSDGs that are open to developing countries.

Course Title: Environmental Assessment

Lecturer: Prof. HUANG Guangwei

Course Description: This course provides an introduction of environmental impact assessment. It explores the concept, knowledge and techniques for conducting the assessments that the environmental laws require. Case studies of environmental impact assessment are presented. At the end of the course, students will be able to demonstrate basic skills in using various techniques and approaches to identify and mitigate a project's impacts to air, water, land, and cultural resources.

Course Title: Global Environmental Policy

Lecturer: Prof. Anne MCDONALD

Course Description: Environmental policy is relatively new to the global stage of policy dialogue and initiatives. This course will explore the environmental degradation and causes that catalyzed global level inter-governmental policy discussions leading to United Nations conventions and protocols, among other global level policy initiatives.
In order to better understand environmental degradation and its challenges, as well as what drives global environmental policy design and implementation, the social, cultural, economic and political mechanisms that advance and/or hinder environmental protectionism at the global level will also be explored.
It is the aim of this course to help students further both their ability to analyze environmental problems and their understanding of global environmental policy.
* lectures may be subject to change

Course Title: Integrative Environmental Policy

Lecturer: Prof. Anne MCDONALD

Course Description: Mainstreaming environmental policies is a universal challenge of policy makers at all levels of government, be it local, national or international. This course will explore the relationship between local-national-and global environmental policy initiatives and environmental change. How do global initiatives such as the Kyoto Protocol and the UN Convention on Biological Diversity influence national and local environmental policy dialogue, design and implementation? Conversely, what local initiatives influence national and global policy? Further, what are the implications of environmental change for local-national-global policy interactions?
Looking at specific environmental issues and themes from around the world, this course aims to explore the relationship between local, national and global interactions with a specific look at the barriers to integrative environmental policy development, but also explore the potentials of integrative policy formulation and implementation needed to mainstream environmental policies from local to global levels.

Course Title: Environmental History

Lecturer: Prof. Anne MCDONALD

Course Description: Environmental history has been described as the Earth’s birds-eye view of global history. How humans and their activities have influenced environmental change and conversely how changes in the natural environmental have impacted human society throughout history are central questions explored in the interdisciplinary study of environmental history. An academic discipline that evolved from concern over growing environmental degradation and change, it is a discipline not only concerned with the past, but aims to explore working solutions for current and future environmental problems by understanding how humans have interacted with the natural environment throughout their existence on the globe.
This course will focus on the 14 to early 20th Century, a time in history often referred to as the era of European colonialism and frontier expansionism. The reason for this focus is that it was the dawn of environmental degradation on a global scale. An understanding of this time in human history is critical to understanding contemporary society’s complex global environmental issues and challenges.

Course Title: Ocean and Environment

Lecturer: Swadhin BEHERA (part-time lecturer)

Course Description: The course will cover the principles of the Earth climate, which has a strong connection with the global ocean and environment. Mechanisms of climate variations and change, which has recently generated a lot of interests in the society, will be explained as simply as possible. First of all, I will explain the average seasonal variations in the large-scale circulations of the atmosphere and the global oceans that are the important constituents of the climate system of our unique aqua-planet . Detail mechanisms of their variations will be explained based on the observational and model simulated data. The governing mechanisms will be explained on the basis of basic laws of physics and dynamics.
Next, I will explain the generation, development and attenuation mechanisms of weather and climate phenomena. The influences that they exert on the local and remote places will also be covered in the lecture. The elements of climate variations will be explained; in particular the processes associated with tropical climate phenomena such as Indian Ocean Dipoles, La Nina/El Nino and the El Nino Modoki in the Pacific Ocean will be explained in details. I will also briefly explain about the history of the climate research and the relationship between the climate and the society with an emphasis on the applications of climate derivatives. At the end of the course, I will cover the topics of global warming and climate change projections with views on their possible implications on the short- and long term changes in the global climate system.

Course Title: International Environmental Treaties

Lecturer: Team of part-time lecturers

Course Description: This course is provided by four lectures with distinguished work experience in the field of international environmental policy-making. The details of this course are illustrated in the following schedule section.

Course Title: Environment and Sustainable Lifestyles

Lecturer: Prof. Keiko HIRAO

Course Description: The goal of this course is to raise sensitivities for the interdependence of ecosystems, economic systems and social systems, with particular interest in the concept of social sustainability, which refers to processes that generate social health and well-being as well as the institutions that facilitate environmental and economic sustainability now and for the future. Based on the reading materials listed in this syllabus, we will work together to clarify and develop our joint understanding of the concept of social sustainability by surveying possible definitions and measurements of social sustainability; investigating the relationship between social sustainability and other aspects of sustainability; and exploring the cases that attempt to achieve sustainability at local, regional and global scales. Specific topics to be explored may include: the natural and social scientific principles and theories underlying sustainability, the different and often conflicting cultural and disciplinary perspectives of sustainability, how to quantify the impacts of lifestyle choices on the environment and resource use, philosophical and practical approaches for achieving sustainable lifestyles and socio-ecological systems. The details are subject to change according to the needs and levels of the students.

Course Title: Marine Environmental Policy

Lecturer: Prof. McDONALD Anne

Course Description: Environmental policy is relatively new to the global stage of policy dialogue and initiatives. Much of the environmental policy efforts to date are land-based leaving 70% of the globe’s environment, the ocean/marine environment, often ignored or shut out from mainstream policy initiatives.
The ocean is in a crisis, threatened by adverse human activities such as overfishing and degradation of marine habitats. Scientists estimate that 45% of the main marine fish stocks or species are overexploited, that large predatory fish have declined by 90% and coral reefs - ‘the rainforests of the sea’ and home to one-third of all known marine species, are in peril. From the local community-based management level to global policy of multilateral environmental agreements, there is a serious need for more people with a solid scientific foundation as a researcher of the oceans in policy.
This course will explore the marine environmental policy first from a global perspective on what has driven marine environmental policy from the 20th Century and then take a more local view of efforts from countries around the world to develop marine environmental policies. We will thus be looking at United Nation related multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) but also look at case studies from different countries to try and get both a global outlook and understanding but also understand the challenges and potentials of marine environmental policy from the local level.

Course Title: Global Environment Outlook

Lecturer: Prof. Guangwei HUANG

Course Description: This is a multidisciplinary course that focuses on climate change in relation to various environmental issues such as aquatic ecosystem degradation, water resources and air pollution. It also addresses the intensification of flood disasters due to global warming. Besides, students will learn basic environmental data analysis and gain knowledge on environmental indicators.

Course Title: Business Strategies for Sustainability

Lecturer: Associate Prof. Masachika SUZUKI

Course Description: Sustainability is becoming an increasingly important area for corporate managers (and for public policymakers) to handle in global business operations. Climate change is an example of sustainability issues. What strategic and management vision to demonstrate towards global climate change is becoming a key strategic and managerial issue for the companies in the energy-intensive industry sectors. Human rights are another example of sustainability issues. For the companies operating in the developing countries (such as oil and gas, chemical, pulp and paper, and trading companies), poor strategy and management of human rights often addresses serious risk to their business in the global market.
This course introduces concepts and practices of business strategies for sustainability. We will examine several company case studies through the course to understand how the leading companies cope with different sustainability issues such as human rights, the environment, product safety and labor relations. Through the case studies, we will explore how companies strategize and operationalize sustainability issues in practice. We will also pay attentions to the roles of different stakeholders surrounding them including customers, shareholders and employees as well as suppliers, financial institutions, governments and local communities.
In addition, we will look into the business cases of the base-of-the-pyramid and Creating Shared Value (CSV). We observe that in some cases, successful business models and operations lead to the improvement of social and economic conditions of the people around the world.

Course Title: Environmental Resourse Management Policy

Lecturer: Prof. Shingo SHIBATA

Course Description: Understand essentials issues of contemporay environmental resource management policy to formulate a sustainable nature-harmonized, recycling and low-carbon society, ranging from local-level conservation problems to regional, global-level environmental problems. At this semester, a topic of “Participatory/collaborative environmental policy planning/decision-making" will be focused, and each student will conduct a case study on this subject, conduct a presentation at the final lecture, and write a report. In addition, a guest lecture may be arranged on a specific subject.

Course Title: Ecology and the Environment

Lecturer: Prof. Yoshinari TANAKA

Course Description: This course outlines fundamental principles and applications of ecology, evolutionary biology, and conservation biology. These subjects are essential for deep understanding and relevant solutions of all environmental issues that are related to the loss of biodiversity and the degradation of ecosystem function, which are concerned as one of the most important global environmental problems. The protection of rare endangered species, the invasion of exotic species, and ecosystem changes by the global warming and the eutrophication will be treated as up-to-date environmental issues, whereas the ecological and evolutionary principles behind these phenomena will be focused on.

Course Title: Environment and Supply Chain Management

Lecturer: Associate Prof. Bjoern FRANK

Course Description: Supply chain management focuses on the strategic coordination of business functions both within and across companies of the supply chain, for the purpose of improving the long-term performance of the individual companies and the supply chain as a whole. This course deals with both basic concepts of supply chain management and environmental issues in supply chain management. It covers topics such as green manufacturing, green procurement, closed-loop supply chains, carbon footprinting, green quality management, and green customer relationship management.

Course Title: Recycling Systems in Asia

Lecturer: Prof. Akemi ORI

Course Description: As the international community is to diversify, in order to construct a Recycling-based Society, we need to think about the waste management not only in Japan but also in the entire Asia.

Course Title: Energy and Environmental Technology

Lecturer: Associate Prof. Masachika SUZUKI

Course Description: To solve energy and environmental crisis, the innovation and diffusion of new, clean and dynamic technologies are crucial. The innovation and diffusion of the technologies bring new and exciting business opportunities likewise in future sustainable society. This class overviews a landscape of energy and environmental technologies. Part of the class introduces a research project where students select a technology of their interest and investigate potentials and barriers in innovating and/or diffusion the technology of their choice. The research questions for this project include: 1) how the technology help to solve energy and environmental crisis; 2) what level of business opportunities exist in the development of the technology and: 3) what benefit the technology may bring to society. Moreover, the project is designed for students to highlight the barriers in the development and address roles of the public (national and local government) and private actors (companies) in promoting them.

Course Title: Chemical Substances and the Environment

Lecturer: Prof. Yoshinari TANAKA

Course Description: The modern material civilization is based on numerous chemical substances, some of which have adverse effects on the ecosystem and the human health. Sustainable development of the socio-economic system needs to utilize beneficial chemicals that are efficient for facilitating human welfare under an appropriate risk management of the chemicals. This course will give an introduction to ecotoxicology (environmental toxicology), environmental chemistry, and the risk assessment of chemicals. Environmental toxicities of chemicals are mainly categorized into ecosystem effects and human health effects. This course will cover the entire range of toxicities as regards the mechanism or mode of action, the method of quantification, and the risk assessment method, whereas the emphasis will be put on the ecological effect of pollutants.

Course Title: Global Forest Conservation Policy

Lecturer: Prof. Shingo SHIBATA

Course Description: Students will be guided to understand an overall picture of complex global forest and natural resource conservation issues at local, national, regional and global level, including comparative historical policy reviews, and analyses of various policy measures taken such as ecosystem-based management approach, participatory/collaborative management/planning and trade-off analysis, PES/REDD. Student is required to select a specific case study of their interest, and conduct an oral presentation at the last class, and submit a written report on the study, in addition to regular class readings, (group) presentations and reaction papers.

Course Title: Strategic Environmental Management

Lecturer: Associate Prof. Masachika SUZUKI

Course Description: Recently, we see more extreme, sometimes catastrophic events in many parts of the world. Scientists demonstrate better evidence indicating the link between our economic activities and the environmental degradation. We are beginning to realize that environmental issues are no longer negligible in business operations. Negligence of the issues may result in serious economic loss for a company. On the other hand, many companies have begun to recognize environmental management as a way forward to generate profitable opportunities. Toyota made a major investment to produce hybrid cars. The hybrid cars have been sold well in the international market. DuPont placed research and development efforts in producing alternative chemical to the ozone-depleting CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons). The company successfully developed alternative chemical to CFCs and altered its strategic position on international regulation (Montreal Protocol) to ban CFCs.
This course introduces essential concepts of strategic environmental management as well as leading practices of environmental management. To begin with, we will review essential theoretical approaches in strategic environmental management. Through the review, we will be able to gain conceptual foundation on this subject. We will use several case studies to help us understand environmental management in practice. We will then explore the linkages between concepts and practices.

Course Title: Climate Change Policy

Lecturer: Associate Prof. Yuta OKAZAKI

Course Description: In order to tackle global climate change, fundamental transformation is needed from fossil fuel-based current socio-economic system to low carbon system (energy, production/consumption/distribution of goods and services, infrastructure and transportation, urban planning, finance, fiscal and tax system, etc.). Sharing instructor's experiences in climate change policy making in Japan, China and U.S, we will discuss various challenges to tackle climate change and explore possible policies and measures to overcome those challenges, referring to dynamic new trends of governments and enterprises at home and abroad.

*Courses and/or lecturers may be subject to change.